The purpose of this project is to update the 2011 Hazard Mitigation Plan (HMP) for the County of Allegany and its inclusive municipalities. An HMP demonstrates a jurisdiction’s commitment to reducing risks from natural hazards and serves as a guide for decision makers as they commit resources to minimize the effects of natural hazards. The HMP is the blueprint for reducing the county’s vulnerability to disasters and hazards. The HMP is intended to integrate with planning mechanisms already in place such as building and zoning regulations, environmental planning, and long-range planning mechanisms. The planning process includes conducting a thorough hazard vulnerability analysis (HVA), creating community disaster mitigation priorities and creating subsequent mitigation actions and projects for the town and participating municipalities.
By participating in the planning process, the towns and villages will be eligible to apply for and receive grant funding from the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) to reduce the vulnerability of residents within the community. Reducing one's vulnerability to disasters helps to break the cycle of disaster and ensures a sustainable future for the next generation. The following grant funding sources are available after receiving FEMA approval of the HMP:
- Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMPG)
- Pre-disaster Mitigation-competitive program (PDM-C)
- Flood Mitigation Assistance Program (FMA)
During the planning process, the Allegany County Hazard Mitigation Team is actively involving private sector, non-profit, and other community partners in the planning process. The approach is consistent with the "Whole Community Approach," which seeks to involve the entire community in disaster and hazard planning.
The objectives of the Allegany County HMP Update are:
- Provide the public opportunities throughout the plan development and drafting process to provide input.
- Conduct a thorough HVA and risk assessment using the most recent disaster data and information.
- Formulating hazard mitigation goals, objectives and actions as they relate to reducing loss of life and property from natural and human-caused hazards.
- Obtain state and federal approval of the HMP.
Hazard Mitigation Plan Update Process Summary:
This hazard mitigation planning process has six steps:
STEP 1: Organize Resources & Build the Planning Team
Relevant studies, plans, and reports are collected along with communications resources that allow the public to be involved throughout the planning process. A planning team is “built” that consists of municipal representatives, and local and regional stakeholders.
STEP 2: Develop the Plan’s Risk Assessment
Location and geographic extent of natural and human-caused hazards that can affect the county along with their impacts and future probability is identified. Scientific and anecdotal evidence of past events is collected and evaluated the losses the community has sustained and hazards are ranked high to low.
STEP 3: Assess Capabilities
Local capabilities in emergency management, the National Flood Insurance Program, planning and regulatory authority, administrative and technical knowledge, finances, and politics are assessed.
STEP 4: Develop the Mitigation Strategy
Goals, objectives, and actions and are evaluated and updated as needed. The planning team defines appropriate mitigation techniques, and chooses and prioritizes mitigation actions and projects in the mitigation strategy.
STEP 5: Determine Plan Maintenance Process
The HMP is a living document that must be regularly reviewed, updated, and maintained. A schedule including responsible parties or agencies involved with monitoring, evaluating, and updating the plan during its five-year cycle is prepared. A process for integrating the updated Mitigation Strategy into existing plans and reports should be outlined and a plan for continued public outreach and participation must also be determined.
STEP 6: Obtain Mitigation Plan Approval and Adoption
The draft plan is made available for public comment then submitted to the New York State Division of Homeland Security and Emergency Services and the Federal Emergency Management Agency for review and approval. Once a Plan has been determined to meet all state and federal requirements and receives official approval it should be adopted by all participating jurisdictions.